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January 05, 2017

Article Related to Bihar - 4 |

  webmaster       January 05, 2017

Bihar Government Departments

Bihar Government Departments, Agencies and public utilities(website)

Bihar Government | Rural Development Department, Bihar | Bihar Combined Entrance Competitive Examination Board (BCECEB) | Bihar School Examination Board (BSEB) | Bihar State Electricity Board | Housing Board, Bihar | State Board of Technical Education, Bihar Bihar Staff Selection Commission | State Election Commission, Bihar | Bihar State Tourism Development Corporation (BSTDC) | Bihar Education Project Council | Bihar Industrial Area Development Authority (BIADA) | Disaster Management, Bihar | State Health Society, Bihar Legislative Council, Bihar | Khuda Bakhsh Oriental Public Library | Directorate of Distance Education, Jai Prakash University | Lalit Narayan Mishra Institute of Economic Development and Social Change (LNMI) | Lalit Narayan Mithila University, Darbhanga | Muzaffarpur Institute of Technology | Nalanda Open University | National Institute of Technology, Patna | Patna Science College | Patna University | Rajendra Agricultural University (RAU) | State Board of Technical Education, Bihar | State Institute of Education Technology, Patna | Tilka Manjhi Bhagalpur University (TMBU) | Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences (IGIMS), Patna | Bihar State Tourism Development Corporation (BSTDC) | Bihar State Tourism Development Corporation (BSTDC) | Bihar Mahadalit Vikas Mission | SC/ST Welfare Department,Bihar

District Website


Tourist Destinations In Bihar

Major Tourist Destinations In Bihar

BODHGAYA       :
   The place where Lord Buddha attained the Supreme enlightenment. The famous Mahabodhi Temple, a world Heritage, stands here.                                                             


        : The world’s highest Buddhist Stupa (Pagoda)                                                     East champaran

          :  First Buddhist Council was held here                                                                  Nalanda

        : Remains of ancient Nalanda University                                                                Nalanda

        : Place of world’s First Republic /second Buddhist council was held here                    Vaishali

  :Remains of ancient Vikramshila University                                                             Bhagalpur

:Traces of Buddhist shrines are found among the rocks. Chaityas and large
“Vehars” or Buddhist monasteries once stood there.                                                                      Aurangabad

  :         Ashokan Pillar                                                                             West Champaran

         : Ashokan Pillar                                                                                                East Champaran

         : Buddhist statues are found here                                                                          Aurangabad
Prominent Jain Spots

         : Believed to be the birth place of Lord Mahavir, the 24th Jain
                           Tirthankar Muzaffarpur                                                                                                  

             :  Jain Temples                                                                                               Nalanda

        : Jain Temples                                                                                                Nalanda

:  Do                                                                                                             Nalanda

     :  Do                                                                                                             Jamui

        : The place where 24th Jain Tirthankar, Lord Mahavir, was cremated                      Nalanda                    

: Important Jain pilgrimage                                                                                Banka

            : Jain pilgrimage in and around                                                                           Bhojpur
Prominent Sikh Spots

: Birth place of the 10th Sikh Gobind Singh Jee                                                      Patna

Prominent Islamic Spots

BIHARSHARIF         : Prominent religious center                                                                         Nalanda

: Prominent religious center                                                                         Patna

      : Associated with Sufi Saint Hazrat Yahya Maneri                                              Patna
Prominent Hindu Pilgrimage

                    : Ancient Temple dedicated to Lord Vishnu/
Here the Hindus offer oblation to there ancestors                                                                         Gaya

          : Prominent religious center                                                                        Bhagalpur

                    : Prominent religious center /Also famous for Many Hot springs                        Nalanda
HARIHAR KSHETRA : Prominent religious center /Famous for the world’s                                      Sonepur

        : Biggest cattle fair- Harihar Kshetra

                : Prominent religious center                                                                        Banka

             : Birth place o legendary Sita                                                                      Sitamarhi

                     : Ancient Goddess Durga (Bhawani) Temple                                                 Siwan

            :  Prominent religious center associated with legendary Sitaadhubani

                        : Ancient Goddess Durga Temple                                                                 Saran

               : Ancient Ugratara (Goddess Durga) Temple                                                  Saharsa

: Ancient Goddess Durga Temple                                                           Kaimur

: Prominent religious center                                                                        Munger

      : Ancient Shiva Temple                                                                              Madhepura

                        : Ancient Sun Temple                                                                                Aurangabad

: Prominent religious center                                                                        Patna
Prominent Archaeological Sites

         : Many archaeological sites                                                                              Gaya

           : Remains of the ancient Nalanda University                                                       Nalanda

             : Many archeological sites in and around                                                            Nalanda

MANER                 : Archaeological sites                                                                                     Patna

           :3rd. Century B.C. caves                                                                                Jehanabad

                     : Ancient sun temple                                                                                    Aurangabad

                    : Ancient Vishnu Temple                                                                               Gaya


          : Cave paintings                                                                                            Kaimur

               : Ashokan pillar                                                                                             West Champaran

      : Ancient Buddhist Stupa                                                                               West Champaran

                 :Many archaeological sites in and around                                                           Patna

SHERSHAH MAUSOLEUM                                                                                                       Do Rohtas

            : Ashokan pillar an stupas, etc                                                                        Vaishali

     : Remains of the ancient Vikramshila University                                                  Bhagalpur 
Flora &fauna

           : Hills &forests, Hot water springs                                                                      Nalanda 

           : Water fall, Hills &forests                                                                                 Nawada

        : Hills &forests, Cave painting, Streams, Water falls                                               Kaimur

       : Hills &forests, Streams, Hot water springs and wild life                                        Munger

Kosi River The Sorrow of Bihar

The Kosi River ( कोसी नदी) is one of the largest tributaries of the Ganga River . Kosi river is called Koshi in Nepal and is a Tran boundary river between Nepal and India. The river basin is surrounded by the ridges separating it from the Brahmaputra in the north, the Gandaki in the west, the Mahananda in the east, and by the Ganga in the south. Kamlā, Bāghmati (Kareh) and Budhi Gandak are major tributaries of Koshi in India, besides minor tributaries like Bhutahi Balān. Over the last 250 years, the Kosi River has shifted its course over 120 kilometres from east to west. The Kosi River (The Sorrow of Bihar) is one of two major tributaries, the other river being Gandak, draining the plains of north Bihar, the most flood-prone area of India. This river is mentioned in the epic Mahabharata as Kauśiki.
The Kosi river has seven major tributaries. These tributaries encircle Mt Everest from all sides and are fed by the world's highest glaciers. After descends from the mountains they merge and called simply the Koshi. After flowing 58 km in Nepal, it enters the north Bihar plains near Bhimnagar and after another 260 km , flows into the Ganges near Kursela. The river travels a distance of 729 km from its source to the confluence with the Ganga.
The Kosi river fan located in northeast Bihar and eastern Mithila is 180 km long and 150 km -wide alluvial cone shows evidence of lateral channel shifting exceeding 120 km during the past 250 years through more than 12 distinct channels. The river, which used to flow near Purnea in the 18th century, now flows west of Saharsa.
Two famous national parks are located in the Koshi river basin: the Sagarmatha National Park, in eastern Nepal and the Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve situated in Eastern Nepal. Sagarmatha National park is located in eastern Nepal is also included as a UNESCO world heritage site, was created on July 19, 1976.
The Kosi is known as the “Sorrow of Bihar” when it flows from Nepal to India, as it has caused widespread human suffering in the past through flooding and very frequent changes in course. The Kosi Barrage has been designed for a peak flood of 27,014 m³/s
Kosi Barrage, also called Bhimnagar Barrage after the name of the place where it was built between the years 1959 and 1963 straddles the Indo-Nepal border. It is an irrigation, flood control and hydropower generation project on the Kosi river
built under a bilateral agreement between Nepal and India: the entire cost of the project was borne by India. The catchment area of the river is 61,788 in Nepal at the Barrage site.


Bihar State Tourism Development Corporation (BSTDC) was established in the year 1981 for the development of tourism in the State of Bihar and for commercialization of Tourist Resources available with the State. To achieve this objective various tourist infrastructure like Tourist Bungalow, Cafeteria, Restaurant, Transportation facilities and Ropeway are provided at various tourists spots by Bihar State Tourism Development Corporation.
BSTDC has taken major initiatives to show the potential of tourist places of Bihar to the World. This website is an effort to provide easy information to the tourists visiting Bihar. It aims to provide information related to important tourist places of Bihar State. The details of available facilities such as Accommodation, Transport, Tour Packages, Tourist Information Centers are available with the site.

Useful Links (Agriculture)


Department of Agriculture and Co-operation
Directorate of Extension
Indian Council of Agril. Research (ICAR)
Commission for Agriculture  Costs and Prices
Plant Quarantine Organisation of India
National Seeds Corporation limited
Agricultural & Processed Food Products Export Devep. Authority (APEDA)
National Horticulture Board
National Cooperative Development Corporation
National Oilseeds and Vegetable Oils Devp. Board
Central Insecticides Board Registration Committee
Coconut Development Board
Export Import Bank of India
International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT)
Department of Fertilizers
Department of Food processing Industries
Ministry of Consumer Affairs & Public Distribution
Ministry of Commerce and Industry
Ministry of Rural Devp. (Department of Land Resources)
Ministry of Water Resources
Ministry of Environment and Forests
National Disaster Management (Ministry of Home Affairs)
Directorate of Plant Protection, Quarantine & Storage 
Directorate of Economics & Statistics    
Crop Related Websites

Coconut Development Board
National Medicinal Plants Board
National Oilseeds and Vegetable Oils Development Board
The Cotton Corporation of India Ltd.
Central Institute for Cotton Research
Central Institute for Research on Cotton Technology
Directorate of Rice Development
Directorate of Cotton Development
Directorate of Wheat Development
Directorate Of Sugarcane Development
Directorate of Cashewnut & Cocoa Development
Directorate of Jute Development
Directorate of Tobacco Development
Directorate of Millets Development
Directorate of Arecanut and Spices Development
National Research Centre for Cashew
Coffee Board of India
Tobacco Board of India
National Research Centre for Onion and Garlic
National Research Centre for Grapes (NRCG)
National Research Centre for Citrus (NRCC)
National Research Centre for Groundnut (NRCG)
National Research Centre for Soybean
National Research Centre for Sorghum
National Research Centre for Medicinal & Aromatic Plants (NRCMAP) Disaster Management
Disaster Management Department, Government of Bihar
Flood Management Information System, Government of Bihar  
Agricultural Universities

Rajendra Agriculture University, Pusa, Samastipur (Bihar)
Acharya NG Ranga Agricultural University (ANGRAU)
Assam Agricultural University (AAU)
Birsa Agricultural University (BAU )
CCS Haryana Agricultural University ( HAU )
Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture & Technology (CSAUT)
Dr. Panjabrao Deshmukh Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya (PKV)
Gobind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture & Technology (GBPUAT)
Gujarat Agricultural university ( GAU)
Himachal Pradesh Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya (HPKVV)
Kerala Agricultural University (KAU)
Mahatma Phule Krishi Viyapeeth ( MPKV)
Orissa University of Agriculture & Technology (OUAT)
Punjab Agricultural University (PAU)
Tamilnadu Agricultural University ( TNAU)
University of Agricultural Sciences (UAS, Bangalore)
University of Agricultural Sciences (UAS), Dharwad
Yashwant Singh Parmar University of Horti. & Forestry (YSPUH&F)     International Organisations
Agriculture Network Information Center, US
Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research
Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical
Center for International Forestry Research
Centro Internacional de Mejoramiento de Maiz y Trigo
International Center for Agricultural Research in the dry lands
International Center for Living Aquatic Resources Management
International Centre for Research in Agroforestry
International Crops Research Institute for the semi-arid tropics
IITA - International Institute of Tropical Agriculture
IPGRI - International Plant Genetic Resources Institute
IRRI - International Rice Research Institute
ISNAR - International Service for National Agricultural Research
International Centre for Agriculture and Biosciences (CABI)
The National Agricultural Library, USDA
United States Department of Agriculture
United Nations  
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization(UNESCO)
World bank
Agriculture Technology Managment Agencies (ATMA)
Amravati, Maharashtra Dumka, Jharkhand
West Singhbhum, Jharkhand
Kurnool, AP
Chittoor, AP
Prakasam, AP
Khurda, Orissa
Koraput, Orissa  
State Agricultural Management and Extension Training Institutes (SAMETI)
Hyderabad, AP Nagpur, Maharashtra
Jharkhand, Ranchi
Bameti, Bihar, Patna    
Agriculture portals  
Bihar Rajya Beej Nigam Ltd, Patna
Punjab Marketing Board
Rajasthan State Marketing Board
Maharashtra Marketing Board
Delhi Agricultural Marketing Board
Uttar Pradesh Mandi Board
Meghalaya State Marketing Board
Assam State Agril. Marketing Board
Haryana State Marketing Board
Orrissa State Marketing Board
Himachal Pradesh Marketing Board Online Reporting for ATMA

Patna City Bus Ride Root


Patna City Bus Ride Root and Time

Red Buses on Route 1 – Khagaul Birla Military Police camp, Phulwarisharif, Anisabad, Chitkohra, R Block, GPO roundabout, Frazer Road and Gandhi Maidan.
Time – Morning 5 A:M to 10 P:M
No. of Buses – 12
Buses after every 15 minutes.

Blue Buses on Route 2 – Gandhi Maidan frazer road – Patna Junction, G.P.O, R Block, Income tax golambar, baily road, saguna moar, danapur.
Time – Morning 5 AM to 11 P:M
No. of Buses – 18

Green Buses on Route 3 – to Rajapur Pul, Kurji and Digha, danapur.
Time – Morning 8 AM to 11:00 P:M
No. of Buses – 12

Yellow Buses on Route 4 – Gandhi Maidan, PMCH, Tripolia hospital, gaighat
Time – Morning 5 AM to 11:35 P:M
No. of buses – 4

Orange Buses on Route 5 – Mithapur Bus stand, New Bypass, Pahari Moar, Agamkuan, Kumhrar Park, Bahadurpur, Rajendra nagar terminal, chiraiyatarh, karbigahiya, mithapur bus stand.
Time – Morning 5 AM to 11:35 P:M
No. of Buses – 6

Purple Buses on Route 6 – Gandhi maidan, rajapur, kurji, st. micheal school, alpana cinema moar, IAS colony.
Time – Morning 5 AM to 8 P:M
No. of Buses – 6

Sky Blue buses on Route 7 – Gandhi maidan, rajaapur, kurji, IIT, patliputra golambar, AN college, boring road.
Time – Morning 5 AM to 11:30 P:M
No. of Buses – 12

Note: on everyline pink color buses were only for ladies.
Rs. 500/- fine for travelling without ticket.

Above information is of on 15th May 2011.

Bihar State Road Transport Corporation and Eden Transport Private Limited.

Additionally, the buses have been equipped with closed circuit TV cameras, to curb crime against passengers. The buses will have music systems and seats have been reserved for senior citizens and physically challenged persons in each bus.

Very soon eight air-conditioned buses will also be catering to passengers on route 2 and 6.

Bihar News Portal News Portal
One of the most popular & most widely circulated English-language newspapers in Bihar. The newspaper focusing on national news, special stories, climate, economy, world news, business, economy, health, medicine, science, technology, interview, sports, development news, education in Bihar, cinema, showbiz, Jharkhand news, culture of Bihar, and more.
Leading Bihari newspaper focusing on latest news, sports, lifestyle, recipes, city life, village life, upcoming events, politics, and more.
Popular Hindi language newspaper published in Ranchi. The newspaper covers latest events, Railway time, city news from Gaya, Bhagalpur, Muzaffarpur, Darbhanga, Biharsarif, Ara, Munge, Chapra, Katihar, Purnia, Danapur, Sasaram, and Dehri Festivals like Dala Chhath, Kartik Chhath, Teej, Chitragupta Puja, Teej and Chitragupta Puja, and more.
Featuring rural news coverage, agriculture, Bihar's economy, politics, tourism, state news, music of Bihar, weather, science, mathematics, astronomy, religion, and more.
Bihar News Portal covers people, jobs, religion, education, and more.
Providing complete news and information on Political news, Government news, development and business news as well as Tourism in Bihar.
Focus both on Bihar and Jharkhand for News and other information .
Magnificient Bihar –
Danik Bhaskar -

Patna Municipal Corporation

  The Patna Municipal Corporation was established on the 15th August 1952, in accordance with The Patna Municipal Corporation Act, 1951, which was published in the Bihar Gazettes Extraordinary No.249 the 30th July 1952, by the Govt. Of Bihar in their Notification No. L.S.G. 1088/52 Leg-538 dated 26th July 1952. The Patna Municipal Corporation Act 1951 came into force on 15-08-1952 with the enforcement of Act, the former Patna City Municipality, the former Patna administrative committee and the former Patna Bankipur joint water works committee were replaced by The Patna Municipal Corporation on 15-08-1952. Thus came into being a New Civic Body with the merger of the 88 year Old Patna City Municipality and the 35 year old Patna Administration Committee with more powers and responsibilities and the PMC was established with effect from 15th August 1952, by virtue of orders issued by Govt. in their notification No. 6613 dated 9th August, 1952, published in the Bihar Gazettes Extraordinary No.95 the 11th August 1952. The first election of the councilors were completed in March 1954, but they came in office on the 1st February 1955.

District Education Officer

  Download Contact Details of District Education Officer(Bihar)

Government Welfare Schemes

Swarnajayanti Gram Swarojgar Yojna (SGSY): Bihar
The objective of Swarnajayanti Gram Swarojgar Yojna (SGSY) is to provide sustainable income to the rural poor. The programme aims at establishing a large number of micro-enterprises in the rural areas, based upon the potential of the rural poor. It is envisaged that every family assisted under SGSY will be brought above the poverty-line with in a period of three years.
Indira Aawas Yojana: Bihar
The objective of Indira Aawas Yojana is primarily to help construction/upgradation of dwelling units by members of SC/STs, freed bonded labourers and also other BPL non-SC/ST rural households by providing them a lump sum financial assistance.
Drought Prone Areas Programme (DPAP) : Bihar
The Drought Prone Areas Programme (DPAP) aims at mitigating the adverse effects of drought on the production of crops and livestock and productivity of land, water and human resources. It strives to encourage restoration of ecological balance and seeks to improve the economic and social conditions of the poor and the disadvantaged sections of the rural community.
Visit for more information about Government Welfare Scheme.



The world is changing constantly and it is said that ‘those who do not change, they perish in the cut throat competition of survival.

Human beings are the part of biological evolution and witnessed the various changes like agricultural evolution, science evolution and technical evolution.
The world has changed from baggies to buses, cars, railways, aero planes.
From posts to World Wide Web (www),
 From schools to e- education,
 From radio to satellites
And so on.

Changes are the part of life without which progress can’t be achieved.
For simplification,
We can classify ‘change’ in three broad types viz.
Ø Sustainable changes,
Ø Discontinuous or random changes and
Ø Tsunami or unexpected change.

Sustainable changes are the natural changes, where humans can’t interfere or it is not under will power.
For example: growth of a child into an adult is natural and continuous process.
Continuity is the law of nature and we can’t break the laws of universe as There Is No Alternative (TINA).  Any interference with the nature can damage the life cycle or unbalance of human life.

Random changes are discontinuous; they come and disappear in the nature but can disturb the human life. Pandemic or endemic diseases in particular seasons can cause disturbances and are random changes.

The third and very important change is the tsunami change or unexpected change which brings lots of unpredicted changes and can change the lifestyle or hypnotize the people.
For example: Change of traditional vendors to the shopping malls or
Selling of land for industrial set up or Democracy after a forceful slavery is also the biggest change.
A change from inequality to equality is also a tsunami change.

When we try to correlate our life with the advanced technology, we can experience the tsunami change in our lifestyle and in thinking process.
Homo sapien sapien (humans) has been facing the new evolution of technology.
Life has changed its functioning process and has become more technical and professional.
Uses of sophisticated gadgets diminish the emotional quotient of human beings. Success has occupied the place of happiness and took over the charge of brain.
Heart is also technically modified as brain and working continuously for success and forgot to connect with life.  
Life has become more complicated and entrapped in the 24 hours clock.

The disturbed biological clock, stressful life, cardiovascular diseases and other psychological stress, health problems are some of the problems rose due to the modern technologies.

It is said that “if we want to achieve something in life then we have to lose something” Though we have achieved something but we have lost many things. Technology has given us most comfortable life but also created nuclear families, where we don’t have time for our beloved ones.
Yes!!!! We know that every coin has two sides

We can’t ignore the technology because it has played a very important role in human civilization and will play in future too.
Everything in excess is poisonous!
But sophistication has become the part of human life but somewhere life needs introspection for further better life.
Life is god’s gift for everyone, why one should waste this wonderful life? Life is just once, live it!! Live for yourself, for beloved ones.
Enjoy the freedom of soul and let us thanks everyone to whom we owe to.
Let us be the free from all bindings and say
 â€˜Deep in my heart, I do believe that we shall overcome one day’.

              Sarika N. Suryawanshi


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